The Archaeology Section hosts material dating from Prehistoric times to the Renaissance, found both in the centre and area of Asolo. Rooms 2 and 3 are dedicated to Pre-Protohistory: among the most interesting exhibits are grave goods of the Paleovenetian necropolis of the small Asolan town of Biordo and of Borso del Grappa. Room 4 displays exhibits from the Roman age that Pacitico Scomazzetto unearthed in the nineteenth century during excavations at the ancient baths, located in the current Piazza Brugnoli, and at the Roman theatre, located in the current garden of Villa Freya. Room 5 is reserved to the Roman aqueduct of Asolo, to via Aurelia that ran from Padua to Asolo, and to the centuriation of Asolo. Rooms 6 and 7 display relics of the Roman town necropolis and from tombs found in Riese, Altivole and Fonte. In Room 8 there is the exposition of materials of the middle Ages found in the excavations conducted in the Rocca between 1985 and 1992. Among them, the mosaic floor of the church (VI-VIII century) which stood on the site before the construction of the fort, the goods of the early medieval graves (VIII-X century), pottery and other relics related to the period of the Medieval frequenting of the Rocca (XI-XVI century).
The Art gallery houses paintings and tables added to the Museum mainly thanks to the generosity of various donors that have alternated from the nineteenth century to the present. The exhibition (Rooms 9, 10, 11, 13) displays the works according to a substantially chronological sequence, starting in the XV century, even if a thematic criterion is favoured in some areas. Among the most important paintings St Jerome by Luca Giordano, St Anthony of Padua by Bernardo Strozzi, a picture of an Old Woman by Antonio Carneo and especially the two Views by Bernardo Bellotto. A special room (Room 12) has been reserved for the Canovian and Manerian paintings and objects: among these a tempera of Canova himself depicting the Muse Euterpe, the view of the Roman workshop of Canova by Roberto Roberti and a series of engravings from the same workshop of Canova in Rome stand out. Finally Room 13 houses a selection of authors of the late nineteenth and twentieth centuries, and displays the paintings of Eugene Benson, Nino Springolo, Umberto Moggioli and Guglielmo Talamini.
In the Treasure of the Cathedral section (Room 14) several sacred vestments, heritage of the Asolan Cathedral are on display. Probably dating back to the early Middle Ages but soon incorporated (X century) in the Diocese of Treviso, the Cathedral, maintained however the title of a bishopric and was the object of special attention and privileges starting from Caterina Cornaro up to various popes, including Pope Pius X, Giuseppe Sarto, particularly attached to this church as he was confirmed here and received, as a cleric, the first Holy Orders.
The section dedicated to the queen Caterina Cornaro (Room 15) displays paintings, drawings and objects that arrived at the Museum mainly thanks to the nineteenth century donations of different personalities. The collection also consists of, besides the paintings and the so-called Testament of Caterina Cornaro in favour of her brother Giorgio, of the artefacts which according to tradition belonged to the Queen herself.
Room 16 mainly houses the section dedicated to Eleonora Duse , even if some spaces have been left to the memory of Gabriele D’Annunzio of the nineteenth century Asolo and the English poet Robert Browning. The material regarding Eleonaora Duse, entrusted to the Museum by her daughter Enrichetta is varied and ranges from portraits and photographs of the actress to documents, notes and autographed letters, from prizes to personal objects, from family memoirs to books and to some house furniture, from objects used on stage or in the dressing room, among which some clothes and shoes, to sketches and photographs for environmental studies.